A flexible n/2 adversary node resistant and halting recoverable blockchain sharding protocol

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

  • Xu, Yibin
  • Yangyu Huang
  • Jianhua Shao
  • George Theodorakopoulos

Blockchain sharding is a promising approach to solving the dilemma between decentralization and high performance (transaction throughput) for blockchain. The main challenge of blockchain sharding systems is how to reach a decision on a statement among a subgroup (shard) of people while ensuring the whole population recognizes this statement. Namely, the challenge is to prevent an adversary who does not have the majority of nodes globally but have the majority of nodes inside a shard. Most blockchain sharding approaches can only reach a correct consensus inside a shard with at most n/3 evil nodes in a n node system. There is a blockchain sharding approach which can prevent an incorrect decision to be reached when the adversary does not have n/2 nodes globally. However, the system can be stopped from reaching consensus (become deadlocked) if the adversary controls a smaller number of nodes. In this article, we present an improved Blockchain sharding approach that can withstand n/2 adversarial nodes and recover from deadlocks. The recovery is made by dynamically adjusting the number of shards and the shard size. A performance analysis suggests our approach has a high performance (transaction throughput) while requiring little bandwidth for synchronization.

TidsskriftConcurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience
Udgave nummer19
Antal sider13
StatusUdgivet - 10 okt. 2020
Eksternt udgivetJa

Bibliografisk note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Authors. Concurrency and Computation: Practice and Experience published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

ID: 300913953