Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment

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Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment. / Crimi, Alessandro; Loog, Marco; de Bruijne, Marleen; Nielsen, Mads; Lillholm, Martin.

I: Academic Radiology, Bind 19, Nr. 4, 2012, s. 446-454.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Crimi, A, Loog, M, de Bruijne, M, Nielsen, M & Lillholm, M 2012, 'Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment', Academic Radiology, bind 19, nr. 4, s. 446-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2011.12.012

APA

Crimi, A., Loog, M., de Bruijne, M., Nielsen, M., & Lillholm, M. (2012). Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment. Academic Radiology, 19(4), 446-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2011.12.012

Vancouver

Crimi A, Loog M, de Bruijne M, Nielsen M, Lillholm M. Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment. Academic Radiology. 2012;19(4):446-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.acra.2011.12.012

Author

Crimi, Alessandro ; Loog, Marco ; de Bruijne, Marleen ; Nielsen, Mads ; Lillholm, Martin. / Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment. I: Academic Radiology. 2012 ; Bind 19, Nr. 4. s. 446-454.

Bibtex

@article{08e98b252efb4fc08de42f9f12a85469,
title = "Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment",
abstract = "RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Risk assessment of future osteoporotic vertebral fractures is currently based mainly on risk factors, such as bone mineral density, age, prior fragility fractures, and smoking. It can be argued that an osteoporotic vertebral fracture is not exclusively an abrupt event but the result of a decaying process. To evaluate fracture risk, a shape-based classifier, identifying possible small prefracture deformities, may be constructed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a longitudinal case-control study, a large population of postmenopausal women, fracture free at baseline, were followed. The 22 women who sustained at least one lumbar fracture on follow-up represented the case group. The control group comprised 91 women who maintained skeletal integrity and matched the case group according to the standard osteoporosis risk factors. On radiographs, a radiologist and two technicians independently performed manual annotations of the vertebrae, and fracture prediction using shape features extracted from the baseline annotations was performed. This was implemented using posterior probabilities from a standard linear classifier. RESULTS: The classifier tested on the study population quantified vertebral fracture risk, giving statistically significant results for the radiologist annotations (area under the curve, 0.71 ± 0.013; odds ratio, 4.9; 95{\%} confidence interval, 2.94-8.05). CONCLUSIONS: The shape-based classifier provided meaningful information for the prediction of vertebral fractures. The approach was tested on case and control groups matched for osteoporosis risk factors. Therefore, the method can be considered an additional biomarker, which combined with traditional risk factors can improve population selection (eg, in clinical trials), identifying patients with high fracture risk.",
author = "Alessandro Crimi and Marco Loog and {de Bruijne}, Marleen and Mads Nielsen and Martin Lillholm",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2012 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1016/j.acra.2011.12.012",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "446--454",
journal = "Academic Radiology",
issn = "1076-6332",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Shape-based assessment of vertebral fracture risk in postmenopausal women using discriminative shape alignment

AU - Crimi, Alessandro

AU - Loog, Marco

AU - de Bruijne, Marleen

AU - Nielsen, Mads

AU - Lillholm, Martin

N1 - Copyright © 2012 AUR. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Risk assessment of future osteoporotic vertebral fractures is currently based mainly on risk factors, such as bone mineral density, age, prior fragility fractures, and smoking. It can be argued that an osteoporotic vertebral fracture is not exclusively an abrupt event but the result of a decaying process. To evaluate fracture risk, a shape-based classifier, identifying possible small prefracture deformities, may be constructed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a longitudinal case-control study, a large population of postmenopausal women, fracture free at baseline, were followed. The 22 women who sustained at least one lumbar fracture on follow-up represented the case group. The control group comprised 91 women who maintained skeletal integrity and matched the case group according to the standard osteoporosis risk factors. On radiographs, a radiologist and two technicians independently performed manual annotations of the vertebrae, and fracture prediction using shape features extracted from the baseline annotations was performed. This was implemented using posterior probabilities from a standard linear classifier. RESULTS: The classifier tested on the study population quantified vertebral fracture risk, giving statistically significant results for the radiologist annotations (area under the curve, 0.71 ± 0.013; odds ratio, 4.9; 95% confidence interval, 2.94-8.05). CONCLUSIONS: The shape-based classifier provided meaningful information for the prediction of vertebral fractures. The approach was tested on case and control groups matched for osteoporosis risk factors. Therefore, the method can be considered an additional biomarker, which combined with traditional risk factors can improve population selection (eg, in clinical trials), identifying patients with high fracture risk.

AB - RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Risk assessment of future osteoporotic vertebral fractures is currently based mainly on risk factors, such as bone mineral density, age, prior fragility fractures, and smoking. It can be argued that an osteoporotic vertebral fracture is not exclusively an abrupt event but the result of a decaying process. To evaluate fracture risk, a shape-based classifier, identifying possible small prefracture deformities, may be constructed. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a longitudinal case-control study, a large population of postmenopausal women, fracture free at baseline, were followed. The 22 women who sustained at least one lumbar fracture on follow-up represented the case group. The control group comprised 91 women who maintained skeletal integrity and matched the case group according to the standard osteoporosis risk factors. On radiographs, a radiologist and two technicians independently performed manual annotations of the vertebrae, and fracture prediction using shape features extracted from the baseline annotations was performed. This was implemented using posterior probabilities from a standard linear classifier. RESULTS: The classifier tested on the study population quantified vertebral fracture risk, giving statistically significant results for the radiologist annotations (area under the curve, 0.71 ± 0.013; odds ratio, 4.9; 95% confidence interval, 2.94-8.05). CONCLUSIONS: The shape-based classifier provided meaningful information for the prediction of vertebral fractures. The approach was tested on case and control groups matched for osteoporosis risk factors. Therefore, the method can be considered an additional biomarker, which combined with traditional risk factors can improve population selection (eg, in clinical trials), identifying patients with high fracture risk.

U2 - 10.1016/j.acra.2011.12.012

DO - 10.1016/j.acra.2011.12.012

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 22306533

VL - 19

SP - 446

EP - 454

JO - Academic Radiology

JF - Academic Radiology

SN - 1076-6332

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 37603381