Comparative analysis of multimodal biomarkers for amyloid-beta positivity detection in Alzheimer's disease cohorts

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Introduction: Efforts to develop cost-effective approaches for detecting amyloid pathology in Alzheimer's disease (AD) have gained significant momentum with a focus on biomarker classification. Recent research has explored non-invasive and readily accessible biomarkers, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) biomarkers and some AD risk factors. Methods: In this comprehensive study, we leveraged a diverse dataset, encompassing participants with varying cognitive statuses from multiple sources, including cohorts from the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) and our in-house Dementia Disease Initiation (DDI) cohort. As brain amyloid plaques have been proposed as sufficient for AD diagnosis, our primary aim was to assess the effectiveness of multimodal biomarkers in identifying amyloid plaques, using deep machine learning methodologies. Results: Our findings underscore the robustness of the utilized methods in detecting amyloid beta positivity across multiple cohorts. Additionally, we investigated the potential of demographic data to enhance MRI-based amyloid detection. Notably, the inclusion of demographic risk factors significantly improved our models' ability to detect amyloid-beta positivity, particularly in early-stage cases, exemplified by an average area under the ROC curve of 0.836 in the unimpaired DDI cohort. Discussion: These promising, non-invasive, and cost-effective predictors of MRI biomarkers and demographic variables hold the potential for further refinement through considerations like APOE genotype and plasma markers.

TidsskriftFrontiers in Aging Neuroscience
StatusUdgivet - 2024

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
Data collection and sharing for this project was funded by the Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) (National Institutes of Health Grant U01 AG024904) and DOD ADNI (Department of Defense award number W81XWH-12-2-0012). ADNI was funded by the National Institute on Aging, the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, and through generous contributions from the following: AbbVie, Alzheimer's Association; Alzheimer's Drug Discovery Foundation; Araclon Biotech; BioClinica, Inc.; Biogen; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; CereSpir, Inc.; Cogstate; Eisai Inc.; Elan Pharmaceuticals, Inc.; Eli Lilly and Company; EuroImmun; F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd. and its affiliated company Genentech, Inc.; Fujirebio; GE Healthcare; IXICO Ltd.; Janssen Alzheimer Immunotherapy Research & Development, LLC.; Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development LLC.; Lumosity; Lundbeck; Merck & Co., Inc.; Meso Scale Diagnostics, LLC.; NeuroRx Research; Neurotrack Technologies; Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corporation; Pfizer Inc.; Piramal Imaging; Servier; Takeda Pharmaceutical Company; and Transition Therapeutics. The Canadian Institutes of Health Research is providing funds to support ADNI clinical sites in Canada. Private sector contributions are facilitated by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health ( ). The grantee organization is the Northern California Institute for Research and Education, and the study is coordinated by the Alzheimer's Therapeutic Research Institute at the University of Southern California. ADNI data are disseminated by the Laboratory for Neuro Imaging at the University of Southern California.

Funding Information:
The author(s) declare financial support was received for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article. This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement nos. 643417, 681043, and 825664, VELUX FONDEN and Innovation Fund Denmark under grant number 9084-00018B, Pioneer Centre for AI, Danish National Research Foundation, grant number P1, and Research Council of Norway under project number 311993 (JPND/PMI-AD).

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2024 Mehdipour Ghazi, Selnes, Timón-Reina, Tecelão, Ingala, Bjørnerud, Kirsebom, Fladby and Nielsen.

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