Complexity in declarative process models: Metrics and multi-modal assessment of cognitive load

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  • Amine Abbad-Andaloussi
  • Andrea Burattin
  • Slaats, Tijs
  • Ekkart Kindler
  • Barbara Weber

Complex process models can hinder the comprehension of the underlying business processes. While several metrics have been suggested in the literature to evaluate the complexity of imperative process models, little is known about their declarative counterparts. In this paper, we address this gap through a suite of metrics that we propose to capture the complexity of declarative process models. Following this, we empirically investigate the impact of complexity, as measured by the suggested metrics, on users’ cognitive load when comprehending declarative process models. Therein, we use a multi-modal approach including eye-tracking and electrodermal activity. The findings of the empirical study provide evidence about the cognitive load emerging as a result of increased model complexity. Overall, the outcome of this paper presents empirically validated metrics to evaluate the complexity of declarative process models. Implementing these metrics and incorporating them in intelligent modeling tools would help assessing the complexity of declarative process models before being deployed. Furthermore, our empirical approach can be adopted by researchers in upcoming empirical studies to provide a multi-perspective assessment of users’ cognitive load when engaging with process models.

TidsskriftExpert Systems with Applications
Antal sider15
StatusUdgivet - 2023

Bibliografisk note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by Innovation Fund Denmark project EcoKnow (Number: 7050–00034A ) and by the International Postdoctoral Fellowship (IPF) from the University of St. Gallen, Switzerland (Number: 1031574 ). The funding organizations had no involvement in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to publish the article.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

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