Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark: Retrospective Study

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Standard

Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark : Retrospective Study. / Hansen, Niels Dalum; Molbak, Kare; Cox, Ingemar Johansson; Lioma, Christina.

I: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, Bind 5, Nr. 1, e9544, 2019, s. 209-220.

Publikation: Bidrag til tidsskriftTidsskriftartikelForskningfagfællebedømt

Harvard

Hansen, ND, Molbak, K, Cox, IJ & Lioma, C 2019, 'Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark: Retrospective Study', JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, bind 5, nr. 1, e9544, s. 209-220. https://doi.org/10.2196/publichealth.9544

APA

Hansen, N. D., Molbak, K., Cox, I. J., & Lioma, C. (2019). Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark: Retrospective Study. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 5(1), 209-220. [e9544]. https://doi.org/10.2196/publichealth.9544

Vancouver

Hansen ND, Molbak K, Cox IJ, Lioma C. Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark: Retrospective Study. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. 2019;5(1):209-220. e9544. https://doi.org/10.2196/publichealth.9544

Author

Hansen, Niels Dalum ; Molbak, Kare ; Cox, Ingemar Johansson ; Lioma, Christina. / Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark : Retrospective Study. I: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance. 2019 ; Bind 5, Nr. 1. s. 209-220.

Bibtex

@article{c1b94b51f0d74787b8a0dc0025be72b6,
title = "Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark: Retrospective Study",
abstract = "Background: Understanding the influence of media coverage upon vaccination activity is valuable when designing outreach campaigns to increase vaccination uptake.Objective: To study the relationship between media coverage and vaccination activity of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in Denmark.Methods: We retrieved data on media coverage (1622 articles), vaccination activity (2 million individual registrations), and incidence of measles for the period 1997-2014. All 1622 news media articles were annotated as being provaccination, antivaccination, or neutral. Seasonal and serial dependencies were removed from the data, after which cross-correlations were analyzed to determine the relationship between the different signals.Results: Most (65{\%}) of the anti-vaccination media coverage was observed in the period 1997-2004, immediately before and following the 1998 publication of the falsely claimed link between autism and the MMR vaccine. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the first MMR vaccine (targeting children aged 15 months) and provaccination media coverage (r=.49, P=.004) in the period 1998-2004. In this period the first MMR vaccine and neutral media coverage also correlated (r=.45, P=.003). However, looking at the whole period, 1997-2014, we found no significant correlations between vaccination activity and media coverage.Conclusions: Following the falsely claimed link between autism and the MMR vaccine, provaccination and neutral media coverage correlated with vaccination activity. This correlation was only observed during a period of controversy which indicates that the population is more susceptible to media influence when presented with diverging opinions. Additionally, our findings suggest that the influence of media is stronger on parents when they are deciding on the first vaccine of their children, than on the subsequent vaccine because correlations were only found for the first MMR vaccine.",
keywords = "online news media, vaccination uptake, media influence on vaccination uptake, MMR, autism",
author = "Hansen, {Niels Dalum} and Kare Molbak and Cox, {Ingemar Johansson} and Christina Lioma",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.2196/publichealth.9544",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "209--220",
journal = "JMIR Public Health and Surveillance",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Relationship Between Media Coverage and Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) Vaccination Uptake in Denmark

T2 - Retrospective Study

AU - Hansen, Niels Dalum

AU - Molbak, Kare

AU - Cox, Ingemar Johansson

AU - Lioma, Christina

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: Understanding the influence of media coverage upon vaccination activity is valuable when designing outreach campaigns to increase vaccination uptake.Objective: To study the relationship between media coverage and vaccination activity of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in Denmark.Methods: We retrieved data on media coverage (1622 articles), vaccination activity (2 million individual registrations), and incidence of measles for the period 1997-2014. All 1622 news media articles were annotated as being provaccination, antivaccination, or neutral. Seasonal and serial dependencies were removed from the data, after which cross-correlations were analyzed to determine the relationship between the different signals.Results: Most (65%) of the anti-vaccination media coverage was observed in the period 1997-2004, immediately before and following the 1998 publication of the falsely claimed link between autism and the MMR vaccine. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the first MMR vaccine (targeting children aged 15 months) and provaccination media coverage (r=.49, P=.004) in the period 1998-2004. In this period the first MMR vaccine and neutral media coverage also correlated (r=.45, P=.003). However, looking at the whole period, 1997-2014, we found no significant correlations between vaccination activity and media coverage.Conclusions: Following the falsely claimed link between autism and the MMR vaccine, provaccination and neutral media coverage correlated with vaccination activity. This correlation was only observed during a period of controversy which indicates that the population is more susceptible to media influence when presented with diverging opinions. Additionally, our findings suggest that the influence of media is stronger on parents when they are deciding on the first vaccine of their children, than on the subsequent vaccine because correlations were only found for the first MMR vaccine.

AB - Background: Understanding the influence of media coverage upon vaccination activity is valuable when designing outreach campaigns to increase vaccination uptake.Objective: To study the relationship between media coverage and vaccination activity of the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine in Denmark.Methods: We retrieved data on media coverage (1622 articles), vaccination activity (2 million individual registrations), and incidence of measles for the period 1997-2014. All 1622 news media articles were annotated as being provaccination, antivaccination, or neutral. Seasonal and serial dependencies were removed from the data, after which cross-correlations were analyzed to determine the relationship between the different signals.Results: Most (65%) of the anti-vaccination media coverage was observed in the period 1997-2004, immediately before and following the 1998 publication of the falsely claimed link between autism and the MMR vaccine. There was a statistically significant positive correlation between the first MMR vaccine (targeting children aged 15 months) and provaccination media coverage (r=.49, P=.004) in the period 1998-2004. In this period the first MMR vaccine and neutral media coverage also correlated (r=.45, P=.003). However, looking at the whole period, 1997-2014, we found no significant correlations between vaccination activity and media coverage.Conclusions: Following the falsely claimed link between autism and the MMR vaccine, provaccination and neutral media coverage correlated with vaccination activity. This correlation was only observed during a period of controversy which indicates that the population is more susceptible to media influence when presented with diverging opinions. Additionally, our findings suggest that the influence of media is stronger on parents when they are deciding on the first vaccine of their children, than on the subsequent vaccine because correlations were only found for the first MMR vaccine.

KW - online news media

KW - vaccination uptake

KW - media influence on vaccination uptake

KW - MMR

KW - autism

U2 - 10.2196/publichealth.9544

DO - 10.2196/publichealth.9544

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 30672743

VL - 5

SP - 209

EP - 220

JO - JMIR Public Health and Surveillance

JF - JMIR Public Health and Surveillance

IS - 1

M1 - e9544

ER -

ID: 240744576