A batch algorithm for estimating trajectories of point targets using expectation maximization

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

In this paper, we propose a strategy that is based on expectation maximization for tracking multiple point targets. The algorithm is similar to probabilistic multi-hypothesis tracking (PMHT), but does not relax the point target model assumptions. According to the point target models, a target can generate at most one measurement and a measurement is generated by at most one target. With this model assumption, we show that the proposed algorithm can be implemented as iterations of Rauch-Tung-Striebel (RTS) smoothing for state estimation, and the loopy belief propagation method for marginal data association probabilities calculation. Using example illustrations with tracks, we compare the proposed algorithm with PMHT and joint probabilistic data association (JPDA) and show that PMHT and JPDA exhibit coalescence when there are closely moving targets whereas the proposed algorithm does not. Furthermore, extensive simulations comparing the mean optimal sub-pattern assignment (MOSPA) performance of the algorithm for different scenarios averaged over several Monte Carlo iterations show that the proposed algorithm performs better than JPDA and PMHT. We also compare it to benchmarking algorithm: N- scan pruning based track-oriented multiple hypothesis tracking (TOMHT). The proposed algorithm shows a good trade-off between computational complexity and the MOSPA performance.
Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number18
Pages (from-to)4792-4804
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ID: 161848912