Diagnostic test accuracy study of a commercially available deep learning algorithm for ischemic lesion detection on brain MRIs in suspected stroke patients from a non-comprehensive stroke center

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Purpose: To estimate the ability of a commercially available artificial intelligence (AI) tool to detect acute brain ischemia on Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), compared to an experienced neuroradiologist. Methods: We retrospectively included 1030 patients with brain MRI, suspected of stroke from January 6th, 2020 to 1st of April 2022, based on these criteria: Age ≥ 18 years, symptoms within four weeks before the scan. The neuroradiologist reinterpreted the MRI scans and subclassified ischemic lesions for reference. We excluded scans with interpretation difficulties due to artifacts or missing sequences. Four MRI scanner models from the same vendor were used. The first 800 patients were included consecutively, remaining enriched for less frequent lesions. The index test was a CE-approved AI tool (Apollo version 2.1.1 by Cerebriu). Results: The final analysis cohort comprised 995 patients (mean age 69 years, 53 % female). A case-based analysis for detecting acute ischemic lesions showed a sensitivity of 89 % (95 % CI: 85 %–91 %) and specificity of 90 % (95 % CI: 87 %–92 %). We found no significant difference in sensitivity or specificity based on sex, age, or comorbidities. Specificity was reduced in cases with DWI artifacts. Multivariate analysis showed that increasing ischemic lesion size and fragmented lesions were independently associated with higher sensitivity, while non-acute lesion ages lowered sensitivity. Conclusions: The AI tool exhibits high sensitivity and specificity in detecting acute ischemic lesions on MRI compared to an experienced neuroradiologist. While sensitivity depends on the ischemic lesions' characteristics, specificity depends on the image quality.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111126
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023

    Research areas

  • Artificial Intelligence, Diagnostic Accuracy, Diffusion Weighted Imaging, Ischemic Stroke, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Neuroradiology

ID: 369927646