Learning Defects in Old Movies from Manually Assisted Restoration

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We propose to detect defects in old movies, as the first step of a larger framework of old movies restoration by inpainting techniques. The specificity of our work is to learn a film restorer's expertise from a pair of sequences, composed of a movie with defects, and the same movie which was semiautomatically restored with the help of a specialized software. In order to detect those defects with minimal human interaction and further reduce the time spent for a restoration, we feed a U-Net with consecutive defective frames as input to detect the unexpected variations of pixel intensity over space and time. Since the output of the network is a mask of defect location, we first have to create the dataset of mask frames on the basis of restored frames from the software used by the film restorer, instead of classical synthetic ground truth, which is not available. These masks are estimated by computing the absolute difference between restored frames and defectuous frames, combined with thresholding and morphological closing. Our network succeeds in automatically detecting real defects with more precision than the manual selection with an all-encompassing shape, including some the expert restorer could have missed for lack of time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition (ICPR)
Publication date2021
ISBN (Print)978-1-7281-8809-6
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-7281-8808-9
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2020 - Virtual, Milan, Italy
Duration: 10 Jan 202115 Jan 2021


Conference25th International Conference on Pattern Recognition, ICPR 2020
ByVirtual, Milan

ID: 287696613